Eczema In Children

Eczema In Children | Why Does My Child Have Skin Rash Despite Our Good Hygiene?

Eczema in children: This skin condition in children of young age can be genetic or even be triggered by stress & allergies

Eczema in children is recurring itchy skin condition that usually starts in infancy and childhood. It has an immunologic basis and can run in families. There are many kinds of eczema but the commonest one is Atopic Dermatitis. It can be mild, moderate to severe.

Please invest 2 minutes of your time to watch the eczema in children video below. It spells out how you can benefit. Or if you prefer to read, then feel free to skip the video and go straight to the text below:
 

Eczema in children: Enter your details in the form below and get answers to the top 12 questions prospective patients ask or clicking here

How often does eczema occur?

It has seen in 10 to 20 % of children as compared to 2% of adults. Ninety percent starts before age 5 years. Also, 30 to 50% of children with eczema have associated asthma or hayfever. This is known as Atopic Triad. 75% of the children improve by 14 years. Only 20% children continue to have problems as adults.

Why does eczema happen?

  • Atopic eczema runs in families and genes are inherited from parents.
  • Is caused by immune dysfunction. There is an imbalance between Th1 and Th2 types of immunity with the latter being more dominant. Th2 is related to allergy and IGE production.
  • People with atopic eczema have reduced the amount of skin barrier cells. They often have very dry skin because their skin is unable to retain much moisture. This dryness makes the skin more likely to react to certain triggers, causing it to become red and itchy.
  • Hygiene Hypothesis- evidence suggests that early exposure to nonpathogenic microbes reduce the chances of eczema e.g. exposure to animals, unpasteurized milk etc.
Eczema In Children | https://www.singhaniaclinic.com/pediatrician/eczema-in-children/ Why Does My Child Have Skin Rash Despite Our Good Hygiene?

Eczema In Children

Eczema in children: Enter your details in the form below and get answers to the top 12 questions prospective patients ask or clicking here

Triggers and other predisposing factors

  • Contact irritants: Like soaps, wool clothes, detergents, perfumes.
  • Aeroallergens: House dust mites, molds, animal danders.
  • Food allergens: Almost 30 to 50% of children with this have allergies to foods. 90% of the food allergies are caused by cow milk, wheat, soy, egg, fish, shellfish, peanuts. Many of these resolve by the age of 5 years.
  • Babies who are not breastfed: One long-term study of children who were breastfed showed that breastfeeding reduces food allergies at least through adolescence (Grasky 1982). Protection from allergies is one of the most important benefits of breastfeeding. The incidence of cow’s milk allergies is up to seven times greater in babies who are fed artificial baby milk instead of human milk (Lawrence 1994).
  • Obesity: prolonged obesity can increase chances.
  • Gestational diabetes: in mother especially of term babies.
  • Caesarean deliveries: when a baby is born via the vagina the mother’s germs enter the baby’s gut and help set up the protective microbiome. Research has shown that delivery by c-section is associated with a moderate risk increase for allergic rhinitis, asthma, hospitalization for asthma, and perhaps food allergy/food atopy.
  • Stress: Any kind of stress can irritate the nerve endings in the skin and aggravate eczema.
  • Skin infection: aggravated by scratching can cause inflammation and worsen eczema

Eczema in children: Enter your details in the form below and get answers to the top 12 questions prospective patients ask or clicking here

Clinical picture

Itchy rash

The itchy rash initially appears on the face in infants from 2 to 6 months.
It can then appear on flexures of arms and legs especially in front of the elbow and behind the knee.
In adults, it is usually foot and hand.

Other features that may occur:

  • Dry skin
  • Repeated conjunctivitis
  • Colds and runny nose
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • Food intolerance
  • Emotional sensitivity
  • Asthma

To conclude, the recurrent itchy rash is a common occurrence of childhood, which runs in family and is associated with allergies and asthma. Many grow out of it but some continue to have problems as adults. Treatment includes prevention and management of the skin condition. If you want to see treatment please click here

Eczema In Children | https://www.singhaniaclinic.com/pediatrician/eczema-in-children/ Why Does My Child Have Skin Rash Despite Our Good Hygiene?

Eczema In Children

Eczema in children: Enter your details in the form below and get answers to the top 12 questions prospective patients ask or clicking here

If you like what you have seen or read about eczema in children, please share it with your friends by clicking on one of the social media buttons below.

Go from eczema in children to Singhania Clinic homepage

Eczema In Children was last modified: March 28th, 2017 by Dr. Rajeshree Singhania

Get answers to the top 12 questions asked by patients